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Chronology of the Action

The key to understanding war of any kind is to recognize that no action in war is isolated from another.  For example, success in Normandy (D-Day) was not an isolated event, purely the result of planning and executing the attack.  It was, in addition, due to a number of events and actions that distracted the German army and diluted their forces, including the Italian campaign and the Russian Front.

So it was with the War of 1812, political events and the war in Europe had an effect in the happening in North America.

This chart, from, tells the story pretty well.

Year Political Events Military Events Military Events in Europe
June 22: The Chesapeake Affair:  USS Chesapeake fired on and boarded by the HMS Leopard off  Norfolk, Virginia June 13-14: Battle of Friedland between French and Russians
July 9 After making peace with Russia, Napoleon bans trade with Great Britain.
December 22: Embargo Act passed by US Congress halting trade with Foreign Nations (repealed in 1808)
March 4: James Madison is inaugurated as president of the United States
 March 5: French pull out of Portugal and consolidate around Salamanca, Spain
September 30: Brock becomes Lieut.Governor of Upper Canada
October 12: Prevost becomes Governor-in-Chief and Commander of all forces in British North America
November 4: US War Congress convenes
November 7: Battle of Tippecanoe where the US defeats Indians
June: Baltimore Riots start against anti-war Federalists  January 19: British storm Ciudad Rodrigo, Portugal
June 1: Madison’s recommendation to Congress to declare war over sailor’s rights and British support of western frontier tribes. April 6: British repulsed at Badajoz, Spain
June 4: House of Representatives passes war bill
June 18: Senate passes House bill Madison signs War Bill.
June 19: U.S. President Madison declares war or Great Britain.
July 1: US doubles Customs Duties
June 24: Napoleon invades Russia
June 23: USS President vs. HM Frigate Belvidera
July 12: U.S. General Hull invades Upper Canada at Sandwich across from Detroit
July 17: British forces from Fort St. Joseph capture Fort Michilimackinac July 22: Wellington’s famous victory at Salamanca
August 5: Battle of Brownstown August 13: British Army enter Madrid
August 8: Battle of Maguaga
August 15: Fort Dearborn massacre
August 16: British forces under Brock capture Fort Detroit.
August 19: USS Constitution vs. HM Frigate Guerriere
September: Baltimore Riots finish
September 3: Indian attack at Pigeon Roost Creek
September 7: Battle of Borodino
September 4: Indians attack Fort Harrison September 14: Napoleon enters Moscow
September 5: Indians attack Fort Madison September 19: Napoleon begins to retreat from Moscow
September 6: Indians attack Fort Wayne
September 16: Americans fail in capturing batteaux convey at Toussiant Island of the St. Lawrence River
September 21: American attack and capture village of Gananoque in the Thousand Islands area October 21: British give up the siege of Burgos, Spain.
October 9: Two British schooners captured off Fort Erie; small skirmish near Fort Erie
October 20: Sheaffe becomes Lieut. Governor of Upper Canada
October 13: Battle of Queenston Heights and death of Brock and Macdonnell
November 29: Napoleon’s shattered army exits Russia
November: Royal Navy blockades South Carolina
November 27: the US attacks the outlying fortifications of Fort Erie
November 28: U.S. invasion attempt at Frenchman’s Creek repulsed.
December 18: Battle of Mississnewa
December 26: Royal Navy expands blockade to Chesapeake and Delaware Bays
January 19: Skirmish at the River Raisin.
January 22: British victory at Frenchtown.
January 23: Massacre of US wounded at River Raisin
February 6: U.S. raid on Brockville on the St. Lawrence River.
February 22: British capture Ogdensburg, NY as retaliation for Brockville attack.
March 30: British naval blockade extended from Long Island to the Mississippi
April 15: US army occupies West Florida
April 27: U.S. troops attack and burn York (Capital of Upper Canada).
May 26: Britain’s Royal Navy extends blockade to cover additional states
May 25: U S. bombards and destroys Fort George.
May 27: U.S. troops capture Fort George; British troops retreat toward Burlington.
May 29: British fail to capture Sacket’s Harbor.
June 1: H.M.S. Shannon defeats U.S.S. Chesapeake tows her captive into Halifax, Nova Scotia.
June 6: British victory at Stoney Creek.
June 7: British victory at 40 Mile Creek; the U.S. retires to Fort George.
June 4: armistice between France and Russia, and Prussia
June 22nd Skirmish at Norfolk
June 24: Capture of US forces at Beaver Dams.
July 8: Battle of Ball’s Farm. June 21: Wellington’s decisive victory over the French at the Battle of Vitoria
July 11: British raid on Blackrock.
June 19: de Rottenburg becomes Lt. Governor of Upper Canada
July 20: U.S. victory at Goose Creek.
July 27: Engagement at Burnt Corn
July 21 to August 1: Battles of the Pyrenees Mountains between France and Spain ending in British success
July 31: British victory at Burlington Heights.
August 2: British attack Fort Stephenson.
August 8: U.S.S. Hamilton & Scourge sunk.
August 10: armistice ends between France and Russia and Prussia
August 12: Austria declares war on France
August 24: Prevost leads attack on U.S. piquets ou George; U.S.decline large scale engagement
August 30: Attack at Fort Mims
August 31: British storm San Sebastien, Spain
September 9: British Fleet on Lake Erie defeated and captured by the US under Perry.
October 1: US army under Hampton cross the frontier south of Montreal and skirmish with Canadian piquets
October 5: British defeated at Moraviantown;  (Battle of the Thames) Tecumseh killed
October 26: American invasion attempt at Chateauguay repulsed
 October 16-18: Napoleon defeated at the Battle of Leipzig marking the beginning of the end of his reign.
November 3: Battle of Tallushatchee
November 9: Battle of Talladega
November 11: American defeat at Chrysler ‘s Farm.
December 10: U.S. army abandons Fort George and burns town of Newark (Niagara-on-the-Lake).
November 10: Battle of the Nivelle with the British invading France
December 18-19: British capture Fort Niagara in a night attack; capture and burn Lewiston and surrounding villages
December 20: British begin to lay waste to the East Niagara River area in retaliation for the burning of Newark.
December 31: British capture Blackrock
December 13: Drummond becomes Lt. Governor of Upper Canada
January 22: Battle of Emuckfau
January 24: Battle of Enotachopco
March 27: Battle of Horseshoe Bend March 31: Allies enter Paris
April 14:US repeals embargo and non-importation laws April 6: Napoleon abdicates
April 25: Royal Navy extends blockade to New England April 10 to 12: British take Toulouse
May 6: British capture Oswego.
May 30: British blockade extended to include New England.
May 31: U.S. victory at Sacket’s Harbor. May 30: British Infantry march to Bordeaux to set sail for North America; First Treaty of Paris signed.
July 13: U.S. capture Fort Erie.
July 5: U.S. defeat British at Chippewa.
July 18: U.S. troops burn St. Davids.
July 19: British capture La Prairie du Chien.
July 25: Battle of Lundy’s Lane – both sides claim victory
August: US public credit collapses and banks suspend special payments
August 8: Peace negotiations begin in Ghent and Great Britain offers initial peace terms
August 9the : US and Creek nation sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson
August 13-14: British begin siege of Fort Erie.
August 24: British burn Washington.
September 11: the US repulses British at Battle of Plattsburg and defeat British on Lake Champlain
October 3: Congress of Vienna opens unofficially
October 21: British offer peace on the basis of ‘uti posseditis’ Sept. 13-14: Siege of Fort McHenry (Battle of Baltimore) – “Star Spangled Banner” is inspired by British mortars and rockets.
November 27: Britain drops the ‘utis posseditis’ September 17: British assault fails against Fort Erie.
December 15: Hartford Convention- US adopts additional internal taxes December 23: Initial skirmishes around New Orleans
December 24: Treaty of Ghent signed to end the war.
January 8, 1815: Battle of New Orleans.
February 8, 1815: News of Peace first arrives in North America.
March 1, 1815: General Prevost is officially notified of Peace at March 1: Napoleon lands in France from Elba